任何人谁喜欢烹饪可能已经想过这个问题可能是什么样的工作作为一个高端的厨师。 And let’s be honest – more than a few of us have pretended our kitchen was a studio and we were the latest Food Network star. But in reality, the road to becoming a chef takes time to travel. It requires countless hours of hard work, especially in the early years. “Paying your dues” is definitely what aspiring chefs must do to reach the upper ranks of the profession.
有没有严格的教育或培训要求成为一名厨师。 For most, the knowledge and skills are simply gained during those long hours in the kitchen. However, those who want to reach the pinnacle of the profession could be well served by choosing a culinary degree in addition to an apprenticeship. This guide is designed for those who want to do more than simply cook – it is meant for those who want to tailor their lives to a culinary dream.
厨师的任务，视食品供应，他们在哪里工作的类型是多种多样的，。 However, chefs can generally be thought of as the head boss within a kitchen. In addition to cooking, chefs will plan the menu, choose and inspect ingredients, supervise the kitchen staff and handle any other food related issues relating to the kitchen.
相反，有些食物表演刻画，也有厨房其实很多厨师。 There is the head chef, also known as the master chef, executive chef or chef de cuisine. There are sous chefs, who generally implement the head chef’s directives and are second-in-command of the kitchen; a chef de partie, which is a chef supervising a particular area or station within the kitchen; and a commis, who is usually one of the least experienced chefs, often fresh out of culinary school, who works directly under the chef de partie at a particular kitchen station.
其他厨师可以专注于某一类食物; for instance, the pastry chef focuses on desserts, cakes and pastries. Some chefs handle not only some cooking but administrative tasks as well, including hiring and firing staff, managing cash flows, acquiring investors, ordering ingredients and more.
多少钱可以厨师化妆？ That depends on several factors, such as the level of experience, where they work and geographical location. Not all areas of the country pay the same amount. The following map shows the annual median wage chefs earned in each state in 2014, as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
在哪里厨师被录用？ Some states have a more pressing need for chefs than others, and the expected employment growth rates reflect that. The following section focuses on the variety of growth rates in states across the nation.
知道如何在厨房和餐厅的工作原理是成为一名厨师非常重要的。 But be warned, this first job might include the most mundane things, including washing dishes and taking out the trash. However, the exposure to professionals in the kitchen is what matters, and over time a fresh new chef will work their way up the ladder to the more appealing tasks. This time toiling in the trenches of kitchen duty will help answer the big question: Is this what you really want to do?
为了移动到烹饪学校，高中毕业文凭是必需的。 It might also be required by employers, who could prefer to hire only those who have already shown they can stick with a dream and complete it. Remember that even most apprenticeship programs require a high school diploma or GED to get in, so earn this very important diploma.
烹饪学校采取一至四年，这取决于程序。 The most common result is the diploma, associate or bachelor’s degree – master’s culinary degrees are scarce in the United States. While formal education isn’t required to become a chef, the specialized knowledge and skills learned during the program can serve aspiring chefs in good stead when honing their kitchen work. Often those who have earned their culinary degree can quickly earn positions with greater responsibilities – always a plus for any chef.
正式的烹饪节目仅仅是个开始。 Working as a chef requires a great deal of experience, which is why fresh graduates probably won’t immediately begin working as a chef. Additional training under the tutelage of a professional chef, whether it’s through an internship or apprenticeship or simply through day-to-day work, will heighten the skills and knowledge every chef needs. As an added bonus, work experience is a great networking opportunity.
认证不需要成为一名厨师，但它可能更容易，申请竞争激烈的厨师位置时尤其如此。 Certifications may help market a chef’s cooking ability, as well as potentially lead to more opportunities for advancement. The American Culinary Federation (ACF), founded in 1929, is the largest professional chefs and cooks association in the United States, with over 17,000 members in 200 chapters nationwide. There are 14 certification designations available in five areas: Cooking Professionals; Personal Cooking Professionals; Baking and Pastry Professionals; Culinary Administrators; and Culinary Educators. Each designation is based on a candidate’s educational and work experience.
正规教育并不需要成为一名厨师。 However, a degree from a culinary school may offer exposure to a wide range of skills and ideas that can’t be found anywhere else. A culinary degree may also be an advantage when looking for a job, as it provides background learning. Students will not only learn how to do something, but understand why it is done a certain way.
烹饪学校致力于一两件事 - 烹饪艺术。 No matter the diploma, certificate or degree that results from attending a culinary school, students should feel secure the curriculum will be focused strongly on what it takes to become a chef. Completion might require a commitment of anywhere from one to four years. Despite their generally higher cost, culinary schools can be one of the best ways to begin a chef career, thanks to the quality of faculty, training and updated facilities.
社区大学一般提供在烹饪艺术的副学士学位或文凭/证书，就像许多烹饪学校做。 But unlike culinary schools, community colleges may be cheaper to attend. Community colleges also allow students to take a few general education classes, which can provide for a more well-rounded degree.
一个职业或职业学校的计划可能是获得烹饪培训的最快途径之一。 Some programs are associated with local high schools, where juniors or seniors can learn valuable skills that will give them a leg up when getting a culinary degree or prepare them for entry-level work. Other programs are intended for high school graduates and have a curriculum that is designed to teach a specific set of culinary skills, preparing graduates to move right into the kitchen.
这导致了学士学位将是相当全面的课程。 For example, a typical degree in the culinary arts will cover management, business and marketing concepts, all of which will prepare graduates to run their own restaurant or other food related business. Students will also learn about a wide variety of cuisines and cooking methods.
有众多的教育路径实现的是厨师的梦想。 Due to the fact that becoming a chef is more dependent on an individual’s skills rather than where their degree is from, there usually isn’t a “best” degree to get. It all depends on the particular student and a host of other factors.
证书是获得烹饪艺术训练，一般服用一年下完成的最快方式。 This curriculum is typically very intense and focus mostly on hands-on learning and obtaining practical skills. A few classes that can be found in a typical culinary certificate program include:
副学士是最流行的手段获得烹饪程度的一个。 It usually takes only two years to complete and is offered by a variety of institutions, such as community colleges and culinary schools. During the two years of education, students should expect to gain an extensive array of culinary skills and knowledge that will provide the foundation for a career as a chef. Below is a sampling of potential courses.
对于那些谁想要他们的技能和知识，有机会接触来自世界各地的最大化，以各种各样的美食，了解经营餐馆或食品企业的业务方面，学士学位，可能是要走的路。 About half of a bachelor’s degree program will cover culinary topics, while the remaining half will delve into the management-related training and concepts. It typically takes four years of full-time study to complete. Classes a culinary student can expect to find in a bachelor’s degree program include:
由于类型的食物以及如何准备他们都如此不同，这是毫不奇怪，有几个浓度可用。 Each concentration prepares students for a particular career in the culinary world.
糕点厨师专注于制作甜品，糕点，面包等烘焙食品。 In order to become a pastry chef, an individual must focus their training and experience on baking, desserts and breads.
一个巧克力与巧克力工程，使各种甜食或糖果。 A chocolatier often focuses first on becoming a pastry chef, then studies techniques and procedures for working with chocolate, which can take many years.
一家餐厅的经理监督和经营的餐厅。 They are responsible for managing staff hours and duties, ensuring health codes and rules are followed, controlling budgets and ordering drinks, supplies, equipment and ingredients. A formal degree is strongly recommended.
虽然他们可能会执行一些管理职责，控制行政总厨的范围通常仅限于厨房和餐厅的其他“后的最内部的”区域。 An executive chef will coordinate kitchen staff and decide how the kitchen will be run. Becoming an executive chef requires working up the kitchen and restaurant hierarchy.
甲主厨是第二号命令。 They will fill in when the executive chef is absent and work directly with the kitchen staff to ensure the executive chef’s orders are followed and expectations met. Becoming a sous chef is similar to becoming an executive chef, although it takes less time, since there’s less of the hierarchy ladder to climb.
一个索西耶是厨师，关于创建炖肉，酱，开胃菜和炒菜浓缩食品。 Becoming a saucier involves devoting extra time, practice and training to this particular area. Generally, a saucier is considered the highest ranking chef after the executive and sous chefs.
餐饮服务商是谁做饭的人，那么它带来的备用位置。 There are no formal requirements to becoming a caterer, but knowing how to prepare and transport large amounts of food efficiently and safely will be critical for success.
私人厨师适用于选择客户端，使用客户端的设施做的饭菜。 Becoming a personal chef will usually require several years of experience or education in catering, food preparation or culinary arts.
耐力，技能和知识，在如此高的水平烹饪是不是天生的或容易学习。 Being a chef also requires the use of specialized tools and equipment, and credentials can further enable chefs to move ahead in their careers.
认证不需要成为一名厨师，但它可以确保潜在客户和知识的必要水平的雇主。 Some of the most widely recognized certifications come from the American Culinary Federation. Other organizations offering certifications include the Professional Chef’s Association and the United States Chef Association
作为世界上最大的餐饮行业组织，全国步枪协会的存在是为了帮助餐厅的专业人士获得他们的烹饪和职业目标。 The NRA also acts on behalf of restaurant workers and owners to promote the interests of the food service industry.
该USCA是一个专业协会，帮助厨师们实现他们的目标。 USCA offers certification and education opportunities to its members.
数百名全国各地的学校提供烹饪课程。 This culinary arts search tool can help by enabling aspiring chefs to filter down a long list of potential culinary schools and search for schools based on location and degree programs offered.