How to Become a Librarian

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6 Steps to Becoming a Librarian

Step 1 Conduct thorough research

了解图书馆学,什么是一个图书管理员和嗣继承可用的所有馆员潜在的职业道路。亚博体育竞技投注平台 Some common options include k-12 school librarian, public librarian, law librarian, university librarian, digital librarian and branch management. Knowing this in advance can help determine what undergraduate degree and/or master’s degree to pursue further down the line. A Master’s in Library and Information Science (MLIS), also known as MLS, is a popular choice for aspiring librarians.

第2步 拿到本科学位

这可以是在任何领域,但选择一个本科学位,这将补充一个MLIS学位只会帮助的道路。 For example, those interested in becoming a school librarian can get a bachelor’s degree in education, along with teaching credentials. Undergraduate degrees in library science are available, but not required, so really, any bachelor’s degree can provide a foundation for building a librarian career.



第3步 研究MLIS计划努力

由于程序可以在重点有所不同,它是确保程序与对齐你的职业目标是非常重要的。亚博体育竞技投注平台 For instance, if a program focuses on youth services, but you want to be a librarian in a science library, you may want to keep looking. Some MLS programs don’t have a special focus or may offer a general MLIS degree with specific areas of concentration, which may be the best choice for students who plan on specializing in one of the offered concentrations.

步骤4 获取公共图书馆工作

许多图书馆有兼职职位,也可能愿意解决员工的时间表。 While this step isn’t necessary, it’s an excellent way to gain valuable work experience, network with other people in the field and possibly work up the ladder while earning a MLIS degree. If this isn’t an option, volunteering is also a great way to get a foot in the door.

第5步 找出可能需要认证和证书

除了MLIS程度,因为这可能会发生变化的州。 Some states, like New York, require testing and certification after degree completion, while other states don’t, or may only require certain types of librarians to be certified, such as k-12 librarians. Certification may be required for a variety of reasons, such as keeping public funding or working with children.

第6步 从ALA认可的大专赚取MLIS或同等程度

这种教育是很多雇主都在寻找雇用图书管理员时。 Although there are other avenues to becoming a librarian, an MLIS degree is a direct path and will qualify graduates for many different types of librarian jobs.


  • Yes, this degree can be earned 100 percent online, depending on the college. Earning an MLS degree online is very popular, since local on-campus programs aren’t always available. There are several top-quality online programs, plus it allows students with outside obligations such as family and work to have a flexible school schedule.

  • It is possible, depending on the state, type of library, experience and what your degree is in. For example, the local public library system might hire someone as a librarian who has a master’s degree in management combined with library experience, since a librarian often takes on management tasks. However, earning the MLIS degree gives graduates a leg up on the competition while offering the most career options, as many libraries will require their librarians to have this degree.

  • Continuing education credits are not typically required for librarian positions. Often librarians are required to attend mandatory staff trainings throughout the year and may also be expected to attend seminars, professional and leadership development courses and workshops that are related to their areas of interest or expertise.

  • Figuring out what type of library you want to work for is the first step. Having a combination of experience and proper education is important and will vary from library to library. Earning a MLIS degree is one of the most direct ways to becoming a librarian and will be the most marketable. It may also help to talk with local librarians and ask about their educational background to get a better idea of what is expected in your area.

  • This varies considerably, based on the type of library. For example, an elementary school librarian will have different duties compared to one working in a law library. Some common responsibilities include finding requested information, organization and maintenance of information, assisting patrons with technology, creating programs for the community and overseeing other library employees.

  • Securing employment in a local library, attending professional development events, joining online special interest groups such as those through the ALA, social media groups for librarians and college student organizations are great ways to network. Talking with local library staff can be helpful as well to see how they went about building their library careers.


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the expected employment growth rate for the next few years (2016-2026) for librarian positions is at nine percent, which is close to the average growth rate for all occupations. The following section provides information on the average salaries for librarians by state, what the growth outlook is for the industry and what the job growth outlook looks like for librarians.

Salaries differ for librarians based on variables such as geographical location, years of experience, the type of librarian position and employer. For example, a reference librarian in a public library will most likely have a different salary than one working for a corporation. has the median annual salary listed for librarians currently at 62,000, with a range of about 53,000-73,000. Librarian salary increases can be based on experience, automatic annual merit increases, job performance and promotions.

阿拉巴马 平均工资年度:$ 53,460
目前采用: 2170
改变就业(2016至2026年): 5%
阿拉斯加州 平均工资年度:$ 70920
目前采用: 420
改变就业(2016至2026年): 1%
亚利桑那 平均工资年度:$ 47,450
目前采用: 1530
改变就业(2016至2026年): N / A
阿肯色州 平均工资年度:$ 52,630
目前采用: 1300
改变就业(2016至2026年): 9%
加州 平均工资年度:$ 76,940
目前采用: 8,940
改变就业(2016至2026年): 10%
科罗拉多州 平均工资年度:$ 67,780
目前采用: 2,140
改变就业(2016至2026年): 13%
康涅狄格 平均工资年度:$ 70,230
目前采用: 2,180
改变就业(2016至2026年): 4%
特拉华 平均工资年度:$ 69,520
目前采用: 380
改变就业(2016至2026年): 5%
佛罗里达 平均工资年度:$ 59,130
目前采用: 5,390
改变就业(2016至2026年): 14%
格鲁吉亚 平均工资年度:$ 58,270
目前采用: 2680
改变就业(2016至2026年): 14%

The job outlook for aspiring librarians is good, as cutting-edge technology is generally embraced in the field, and there is always a need for those who can research, organize, maintain and deliver information using this technology. While so much information nowadays is accessed online, there will still be a need for face-to-face interactions and physical participation in outreach events and programs for the community in local libraries. Many librarians are employed by public entities, such as the county, school district, colleges and government, and these types of jobs can be affected by budget cuts and increases over time. However, these jobs have highly skilled requirements and tend to be stable, with many opportunities for growth.

Finding a Librarian Program

Finding the right librarian program can be overwhelming, as there are so many choices, both on-campus and online. It’s important to take into consideration basic factors such as location, cost of tuition and length of program along with the type of librarian training the program offers. The section below offers helpful information to take the stress out of finding the right library program at all degree levels.

With cost being a factor for many students, it pays to research tuition differences, scholarship opportunities, program length, transfer credit policies, part-time enrollment options and what professional testing and certifications are required, if any. Some students may be looking for library science and information programs at the associate and bachelor’s degree levels, which can be earned prior to an MLIS degree, but not required. Other students with any type of bachelor’s degree may be planning to become a librarian and can do so by earning a MLIS degree, either on-campus or online. Another thing to consider when finding the right program is what areas of concentration a program offers. For some, a general MLIS degree is fine, while others may be planning to specialize in an area such as law, youth services, archival or academic. To narrow down the search, use the search tool below.


Professional Librarian Associations & Groups

Networking is welcome and quite common in world of librarians. Professional education and development, exchange of information, bouncing ideas off one another, sharing successes and failures, learning new ways to do things -- these are all good reasons to network. It is also an excellent way to find out about new employment and career advancement opportunities in the librarian field. With modern technology, there are plenty of opportunities for online networking, plus there are several workshops and annual conferences librarians can attend at both the local and national level.

  • American Library Association

    (ALA):作为世界上历史最悠久,规模最大的图书馆协会,这个组织是一个丰富的一切事物库信息。 Along with education and promotion of the field of library science and information, the ALA houses 11 membership divisions, for those interested in membership specific to their interests or areas of expertise, such as the Public Library Association and the Young Adult Library Association.

  • Knowledge Quest


  • Hiring Librarians

    虽然这个网站是一个基于博客项目,它确实对如何从那些究竟是谁做雇用聘为馆员,与建议一些伟大的信息。 If anything, it may help student librarians to read the bios section to get an idea of what kinds of management jobs are out there for librarians.

  • Online Computer Library Center


  • Association for Information Science and Technology


  • Special Libraries Association


Resources for Librarians

The following list provides additional resources for aspiring librarians and those already in the field.

  • ONET OnLine


  • College





    这个网站是一个在线社群自由rarians that also has job search info and helpful lists such as top apps for librarians, best groups to join on LinkedIn and free online courses.