根据劳工统计局的数据，超过270万注册护士在美国就业，并在医院大约60％的工作。 RNs may also find themselves in clinics, physicians’ offices, home health care settings, critical and long-term care facilities, governmental organizations, the military, schools, and rehabilitation agencies. The demand for registered nurses is expected to continue growing swiftly.
注册护士的职责，这取决于他们在哪里工作有所不同，但通常包括提供直接护理的病人，协助医疗手术的医生，提供指导家庭成员，以及领先的公共健康教育活动。 RNs may also operate medical monitoring equipment and administer medications. With concentrated training or certifications, RNs can focus on a medical specialty, such as geriatric, pediatric, neonatal, surgical, or emergency care.
注册护士轮班的工作，夜以继日，这可能是在旋转或永久的时间表运行。 Overtime and emergency hours can also be unpredictable. In addition to passing the NCLEX-RN, registered nurses are required to complete ongoing education to maintain licensure. For those with a nursing diploma or associate degree, returning to school to complete a bachelor’s or master’s level degree will allow them to move into advanced nursing practice roles or health care administration.
注册护士的工作岗位预计将大幅增长，2012年至2022年预计将增长19%。造成这种情况的原因有几个，包括人口老龄化、通过《合理医疗费用法案》(Affordable Care Act)获得更广泛的医疗服务，以及三分之一的在职注册护士即将退休。需要护士对病人进行慢性健康问题的教育，如关节炎、肥胖和痴呆。预计增加的注册护士需求将来自医院以外的机构，如门诊和长期护理中心。
为了成为一名注册护士，学生必须从认证项目毕业。 Several options are available, including nursing diplomas, associate degrees or bachelor’s degrees.
副学士学位护理通常需要两年才能完成，但加速的程序可以缩短这个时间段。 A bachelor’s degree in nursing takes about four years of full-time study, or two years for those in an associate-to-bachelor’s RN program. Another expedited option is to attend a school that offers a “second degree” program for students who already hold a bachelor’s degree in a field other than nursing. Students may also decide to complete a four-year bachelor’s program at the start of their education, allowing them to move into administration, advanced nursing, nursing consulting, teaching, or research roles.
本科学位课程要求学生除了自己的护理课程，完成普通教育课程。 While many of the same topics taught at the associate level are covered in a bachelor’s degree, a four-year program will provide a more in-depth set of knowledge and skills. As the field of nursing becomes more competitive, more employers are requiring newly appointed RNs to hold a bachelor’s degree.
注册护理课程应帮助学生准备通过NCLEX-RN考试。 Upon graduation, aspiring RNs should register with the National Council of State Boards of Nursing to sign up for the exams. Candidates will receive an Authorization to Test notification when it is time to sign up for the examination.
这种计算机化测试的平均119分的问题，必须在6小时内完成。 Those who do not pass must wait at least 45 days to re-take the exam. The national average NCLEX-RN passage rate is around 70-75 percent.
美国各个州和领地，以及哥伦比亚特区，需要使用注册护士有适当的执照。 Mandates vary by state, so students should contact their state board of nursing to see if there are any additional steps, such as a background check.
注册护士有很高的需求，所以最近从RN计划的毕业生往往有多种选择，当谈到决定他们想工作。 Students should remember that much of what it takes to be a registered nurse or any other medical professional is learned with actual experience.
如果一个注册护士决定成为一名高级执业注册护士和专业知识，将需要一个硕士学位。 After completing this education, graduates can apply for roles as certified nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, nurse practitioners, and nurse midwives. Those who want to go further might choose to enter a doctoral program. DNP or PhD programs are appealing to those aspiring to positions as scientific researchers or university professors in the nursing sciences. RNs may also undertake further certifications in areas such as critical care, acute care, or nursing management.
人类系统的基本原理将被覆盖，以及人体成分的鉴定。 Areas include cell metabolism and the circulatory, nervous, and muscular systems.
学生将被引入到人的思想和行为的基本原则。 Topics include personality, motivation, learning, perception, and mental disorders
虽然副学士学位护理股相似之处高职护理和护理文凭课程的材料覆盖的广度和深度的课程是显著不同。 General education requirements of an associate degree provide a more holistic educational experience, while advanced nursing classes and additional clinical experience equip graduates with a nuanced understanding of the field. The table below reviews common classes and highlights how topics covered translate to nursing practice.
学士学位的护士学位基础上通过让学生接触更为广泛的护理和医疗保健相关的概念和理论的副学士学位课程。 Emphasis is placed on research and related medical concepts, equipping students with a broader theoretical foundation.
谁已经持有非护理本科学位的学生可以进行加速的程序就可以拿到本科的护理程度。 Another popular option allows professionals already working in a nursing position to obtain their bachelor’s degree in less time by taking into account existing experience and education.
硕士护理学位允许注册护士专注于某一领域或率先实现在博士水准的护士学位的第一步。 While undergraduate degrees and programs prepare students to be registered nurses, master’s level degrees emphasize a nursing specialty. Below is a brief list of skills students can expect to possess upon graduation.
在他们的研究过程中，学生将如何以及为什么医疗服务以某种方式提供了一种复杂的了解。 They will know learn why specific medical techniques or treatments are used over others, with consideration given to prevailing societal, cultural, political, and business influences.
一个主要的原因，许多护士选择攻读硕士学位的学习的专业化。 The use of medical tools and techniques specific to that concentration will be taught at the graduate level. For example, a registered nurse specializing in pediatric care will develop a detailed understanding of incubators found in neonatal intensive care units.
许多医疗技术和方法起源于历史研究和随后的发现，以及最近的医学发展总是围绕着研究。 Graduate level nurses learn about a spectrum of research methods with great depth, allowing them to effectively analyze data or design and undertake independent research projects.
提供有效的医疗保健是一个团队的努力，并成功的护士了解如何平衡提供良好的照顾到多个患者的各种医疗卫生专业人员的工作时。 A master’s degree in nursing offers guidance to help nurses provide more efficient care, move into leadership roles, and manage others.
大多数注册护士选择专注于医疗保健的一个特定区域，如紧急护理，老年医学，信息，或新生儿。 The following table highlights numerous concentrations available to registered nurses.
|我喜欢用电脑工作，就像我喜欢与人打交道。 I would also like to help run computer and information systems that monitor and manage patient care.|
虽然大多数RN类是通过过去传统的校园为基础的项目管理，今天有大量的机构提供本科和研究生水平线上护士学位。 In most cases, students should expect their online programs to be equally as rigorous and respected as those being taught at brick-and-mortar institutions. When researching potential online programs, students should look for a few specific components, including:
什么是学校的声誉，尤其是在当地医院和医疗设施？ Does the online degree have brand recognition on a regional or national level? Depending on future goals, the marketability of a nursing degree may be a serious factor to consider.
一定程度的质量不仅取决于学生承诺的水平，而且他们的教授的有效性。 Teachers with terminal degrees in their specialty, recent clinical experience and a widely published oeuvre are much more likely to be dynamic and knowledgeable educators.
之前，学生能成为活跃注册护士，他们必须先通过NCLEX-RN考试，所以选择一个程序，适当装备毕业生是至关重要的一步。 Does the school offer adequate preparation for students? Outside of logistical and financial considerations, a school’s ability to groom students for successful licensure is the most important factor when selecting an RN program.
在选择项目的另一个关键因素是其执照的通过率。 Most schools will list these statistics on their website, but they can also be accessed by calling the school’s admissions department. The national average is around 70-75 percent; a school posting results lower than these figures should be carefully researched to understand the reason.
除了传递NCLEX-RN考试，也可用于注册护士许多其他证件或证明。 The American Nurses Credentialing Center provides many certification programs, some of which are listed below:
作为第一次大学期间，我脑子里没有明确的职业道路，但我想工作，让我来使人们的生活带来积极变化。亚博体育竞技投注平台 With the thought of working as a health care professional in some capacity, I earned my first my first bachelor’s degree in chemistry while also pursuing studies in creative writing. As my love for writing grew, I ultimately came to the conclusion that becoming an RN would lead to a solid career path while also allowing me the flexibility to pursue my artistic ambitions.
两年从诺克斯学院化学赚我的学士学位后，我就读于护理的拉什大学。 Because I had already completed a bachelor’s degree at Knox, only two additional years of study were required to earn my bachelor’s of science in nursing.
在办证程序，因为我是一个学生已经改变，现在提供了一个“直升硕士”计划。 This program offers non-nurses with a bachelor’s degree from an accredited school the opportunity to earn a master’s degree in nursing and to sit for the NCLEX-RN examination in just two years. The advanced degree offers a clear advantage because employers are looking for nurses who can take on more responsibility in today’s world of complex health care.
在护士学校，我被药理学类着迷。 I loved learning the biochemistry or chemical pathways that make drugs work in the specific way that they do in the human body. I also enjoyed the skills lab, where we students practiced our newly learned nursing skills, such as taking blood pressure or listening to lung sounds, on one another or on mannequins, which were forgiving of our early mistakes.
作为一个老年护理公司一名护士护理经理，我帮助管理复杂的医疗保健谁愿意留在家里，以及那些谁是在辅助生活或专业护理机构的老年人。 I conduct nursing assessments to determine the specific needs of our clients, develop professional plans of care, and communicate with physicians. I also supervise and instruct nursing assistants, who help our clients with their activities of daily living. As a per diem nurse care manager, I decide when I am available to work (and when I write my novels). Typically, I provide coverage during busy periods. Per diem nurse jobs are available in a variety of health care settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and rehab centers.
护理是一个有价值的职业，可提供终身工作满意度和工作保障。 Nurses with bachelor’s degrees have a wide variety of job opportunities, and master’s prepared nurses have the ability to move directly into leadership roles after graduation.
到现在为止，有兴趣的人知道有与注册护士等医疗保健行业。 However, what type of education is required? Is the growth rate expected to be better or worse than that of registered nurses? The table below will help answer those questions.
类似的还有，以注册护士可能感兴趣亚博体育竞技投注平台亚博体育竞技竞猜的那些希望工作在医疗领域的其他职业。 The chart below lists a few related occupations as well as their salaries.
展望成为注册护士？ The search tool below provides students with a tailored list of schools based on their individual needs and goals.