精神科医生与谁正在处理的各种问题，包括创伤，精神疾病和成瘾病人的工作。 Psychiatrists are considered mental health physicians. Given the in-depth nature of their work, it is no wonder that psychiatrists require a great deal of education – depending upon the specialty, up to twelve years of academic study and clinical training is required to earn a psychiatry degree.
有兴趣成为一名精神病医生应该了解所有的教育和临床需求，以及他们将在毕业时遇到的学生。 This guide focuses on all the pertinent questions for aspiring psychiatrists, including what they should study as an undergraduate, what skills are required, what the job entails and the credentials required to begin work.
精神科医生是医生。 They assess and treat mental illness and often focus on working with specific populations. Some psychiatrists focus on the more technical or research-based side of psychiatry by working in the forensics field or aiding companies and corporations in assessing the mental health of their employees and associates. Psychiatrists work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, government offices, private practices and mental health clinics. They might also take positions in research-based universities. Their hours worked vary depending upon the job setting.
精神科医生是谁，有专门的心理健康问题的医生。 Therefore, earning a degree from medical school is a requirement to become licensed and practice. The path to medical school includes a minimum of a bachelor’s degree, followed by a passing score on the Medical College Admissions Test, or MCAT. Students who enter medical school programs, which are very competitive, can expect to devote at least four to five years of their life to further education and supervised clinical training. During that time, students can specialize in various areas of psychiatry, such as dealing with certain populations — such as children or people addicted to drugs — or handling specific mental health issues, such as schizophrenia. Students must then complete a residency before they can become board-certified.
精神科医生使用了各种方法来帮助患者他们的照顾下，包括药物治疗，心理治疗，个人或团体辅导，心理，甚至住院治疗对于这种情况，即呼吁更为强烈的干预。 Psychiatrists work closely with other healthcare professionals to ensure holistic care for the entire person, not just for mental illness issues.
显然，成为一个心理医生需要奉献精神，教育和努力的强烈量。 How will that investment pay off when it’s time to begin pulling regular paychecks? Psychiatry can be a very difficult career to enter, but those who do tend to reap financial rewards. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, psychiatrists made a median annual salary of $181,880 in 2014. The lowest ten percent in the profession made $61,600, while the highest paid in the field made over $187,000 per year. Psychiatrists who have earned certifications through the ABPN might be able to command a higher salary due to their credentials and might also see the best job opportunities.
地理位置也生活成本在心理医生被刚花了多少钱发挥作用。 The following are the five states that boast the highest earnings for psychiatrists, based on annual mean wage, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics:
第一步，成为一个心理医生是从认可机构获得的学士学位。 In preparation for medical school, a good choice would be to focus on pre-med, physical sciences or psychology — or a combination of the three by utilizing a double major or minor.
大学本科计划期间学生参加课程取决于主要和次要的，但有些课程建议那些谁打算应用到医学院校。 For instance, students majoring in psychology will likely take the following courses:
医学院招生都非常有竞争力，所以高档次及本科学习期间课程名单令人印象深刻是必不可少的。 Students should also plan ahead for the next step in their journey by taking advantage of any prep classes offered for the MCAT.
MCAT考试是医学院的招生过程中的一个重要组成部分。 This examination is a standard test comprised of three multiple-choice sections. Students should take the MCAT the year before they intend to apply to medical school; they are allowed to take it as many times as necessary in order to pass. Those who need to retake the MCAT can sign up for a new testing period two days after their previous examination.
谁进入医学院可以在两个名称间选择学生最终成为一个心理医生：医学（MD）计划的博士或骨科医学博士（DO）程序。 Each degree focuses on the same methods of treatment, but a DO degree also focuses on osteopathic manipulative medicine.
不管程度，学生可以预期完成四到五年的医学院训练。 The first few years focus on basic classes in pathology, anatomy, biology and other science-related fields. The second half of the program focuses on clinical rotations with doctors and other healthcare professionals, allowing students to hone their skills in psychiatric practice. Students might also be invited to participate in research programs.
一旦学生从医学院毕业，他们仍然需要一些指导训练。 During their residency, students work for three to eight years in a clinical or hospital setting. They are given the opportunity to further hone their skills during this time as they work under the direction of licensed psychiatrists.
谁的学生完成医学院和成功的居留就可以申请自己的行医执照和董事会认证。 Those who graduate from an MD program take the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), while those who graduate from a DO program take the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA).
接收他们的医疗许可证后，学生可以采取板的认证，这是通过精神病学和神经学的美国委员会（ABPN）所提供的考试。 Students who sit for board certification can take the test as many times as necessary in order to pass. Certification must be renewed every ten years.
赢得一个精神病学学位，变得许可并不意味着教育的目的。 Those who earn their board certification must enter into continuing education programs throughout their career in order to remain certified. For most psychiatrists, this includes an average of 30 credits earned per year. Some states might require even more continuing medical education (CME) credits in order to continue practicing.
大卫·M·赖斯，MD，是私人执业心理医生。 This is part of his detailed journey from aspiring engineer to psychiatrist.
我的时间大约有三分之一用在了在其他环境中的一线治疗保持活跃，同时提供心理治疗和精神药物干预，主要是在精神病医院。 As at this point in my career I am not seeking a full hospital practice, I have done “locum tenens” [temporary] assignments ranging from two weeks to four months. The remainder of my time is spent on personal projects related to my practice of psychiatry.
观察。 Study. Question. Challenge. Integrate the best of “old” ideas with the advantages of new theories and understanding. But most importantly – discover how to talk to patients — all patients — even those who are psychotic. Explore, respect and honor the opportunity to get to know and relate to people from every walk of life with every type of circumstance and challenge, and through that process, making a positive difference in the person’s life. It is an opportunity that is available in few if any fields other than psychiatry.
劳工统计局的项目从2012年16.2％到2022年的精神科医生，这个数字比全国平均水平为所有其他职业更高的增长。 A great deal of this growth could be spurred by more attention to mental health matters, as well as healthcare legislation that makes health insurance more affordable for many Americans. As a result, more people are expected to reach out for help from the medical establishment, including those who need the skills of a psychiatrist.
另一个原因是成长是婴儿潮一代正在迅速老化。 As more individuals suffer medical issues due to aging, the skills of a psychiatrist will be needed to help them through the changes and challenges they will inevitably face. Psychiatrists can expect better job opportunities in areas with a higher aging population.
这些谁选择与其他医疗服务提供者，包括那些在下面的表格，进入精神病学紧密合作。 In some cases, the training is very similar. For instance, psychiatrists and doctors must both attend medical school but choose different paths of study during their time in graduate school. These numbers are based on 2014 reporting from the Bureau of Labor Statistics: