谁想要在精神卫生领域工作的人可能是不确定精神病学家，心理学家，和治疗师之间的异同。 While psychiatrists are medical doctors able to issue prescriptions and psychologists often work in tandem with these professionals to ensure patients receive both psychotherapy and medical treatment, “therapist” is an overarching term for individuals who work with patients to clarify their feelings, mediate tense situations, and provide guidance for life’s decisions. Therapists covered in this guide include individuals who work in mental health or marriage and family therapy. Keep reading to learn about educational requirements as well as what to expect in terms of salary and job growth in the coming years.
治疗师被归类为精神卫生专业人员; as such, they must complete significant education and training to receive a license to practice. At minimum, most therapists hold a master’s degree and have completed a substantial amount of supervised clinical hours before ever independently seeing a client. Their time in school equips them with the skills and tools needed to assess clients, listen to their troubles, and apply relevant and appropriate treatment methods to a variety of emotional and mental problems.
治疗师可以选择与工作人口的许多不同部分在其职业生涯，并为他们的专业领域比比皆是。亚博体育竞技竞猜亚博体育竞技投注平台 Whether serving military families going through the emotions of another deployment or a couple grieving the loss of a child, therapists are empathetic yet highly professional individuals who help their clients deal with mental and emotional issues arising from a variety of life events. They may choose to go into private practice or serve on a team of other therapists and mental health professionals. Regardless of their setting, those in the field are characterized by their ability to provide thoughtful, constructive therapeutic services.
心理健康辅导员和婚姻家庭咨询师的平均年薪是$ 48,600，与那些在专业指挥的每年近八万二千名$工资的顶部支架。 Depending on the state where a therapist plans to practice, these numbers can be higher or lower. The map below shows salary figures for the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles in each state.
用于治疗师角色的增长速度远远超过了国家整体平均职位，以31,400角色 - 或在该领域增长19％ - 预计2014年和2024年之间使用要添加下面图表看你的状态如何栈对这些 national figures.
虽然我们鼓励申请硕士水平课程的学生有一定的前提条件申请前完成，学生在中学毕业会考水平可以选择学习许多不同的学科。 Regardless of the major they choose, courses in areas of introductory psychology, behavioral disorders, and human development should be incorporated when feasible. Otherwise, they’ll need to take additional classes before applying to advanced programs.
等级也是硕士水平课程的重要，所以本科学生应该了解保持较高的GPA警惕 - 尤其是在有关未来的研究班。
在硕士阶段学习的选项往往集中在有关心理健康，家庭和婚姻治疗方案。 As discussed in the previous section, these degrees tend to have some prerequisites but they are not as extensive as those required for clinical psychology or psychiatry programs.
无论是作为一个学位课程或后学位奖学金的一部分，完成监督的临床经验是未来执照的要求。 These opportunities – typically called residencies or internships – allow graduates to apply the theoretical knowledge gained from coursework to real-world scenarios requiring a competent and professional therapist. Depending on the state where a therapist-in-training hopes to be licensed, mandated supervised experience typically totals between 2,000 and 4,000 hours.
一旦监督小时完成，个人和他们见客户的能力之间的唯一手段被许可。 Those who want to work as mental health counselors should contact the National Board for Certified Counselors to learn about requirements in their state, while future marriage and family therapists can find more information through the Association of Marital and Family Regulatory Boards. While requirements vary based on an individual state’s requirements, some of steps students commonly must take include:
在本科层次的学生沉浸在学科内基本主题，包括研究方法，行为障碍，发展理论和框架涉及到社会，文化和临床护理心理学学位。 Social science coursework factors heavily into the curriculum, and graduates are well prepared for the topics they will encounter in advanced therapy degree programs. Common courses may include psychobiology and neuroscience; mind, brain and behavior; thinking and decision making; and memory and stress.
有时作为结合人性化的服务主题双重程序，这个跨学科的学位向学生介绍了有关整个生命周期的人类发展的主题，在来自不同背景的患者提供律师使用的各种方法，影响人际关系的文化，社会和关系的因素。 Some of the courses students may expect to take include case management and interviewing techniques; group dynamics in therapy; theories of counseling; and multiculturalism in approaches to counseling.
不同的学位课程，该证书是谁已经完成了治疗一般课程的学生。 All classes within this program are focused on issues related to marriage and family therapy.
除了课程，学生完成既有实习和实习。 They also research and write a dissertation about a topic within their area of interest in the field of therapy.
之前，能够帮助别人更好地了解自己的信念和态度，学生必须首先能够自己来评估。 This course calls on learners to take stock of values and assumptions that may affect how they interact with clients while also digging into behavioral observations and personal reflections.
本课程提供了发展的概述整个生命周期，以及如何在整个行为转变的时间。 Some of the factors that affect development are also studied, including genetics, environment, diversity, and surroundings.
治疗师经常通过小组讨论他们的病人提供指导，整理出其中多个个体参与家庭和婚姻问题时尤其如此。 This course teaches students how to create a structured setting where every person feels heard and valued.
当遇到危机或创伤，个人有不同的反应根据个人的无数历史因素。 This class helps students understand different types of responses and how to facilitate dialogue between individuals, families and couples who have experienced a traumatic event.
心理健康或家庭和婚姻治疗的范围内，大量的机会存在于浓缩的知识和技能，并利用它们放入一个小众的职业生涯。亚博体育竞技投注平台 Some of the most prevalent academic and career concentrations available are highlighted below.
集中在儿童和青少年的治疗职业可以亚博体育竞技投注平台让专业人士提供明智的指导和支持，以年轻人时，他们最需要的。 With a toolbox of effective assessment techniques and significant training in therapeutic theories across stages of growth, child and adolescent therapists are able to provide tailored support in ways that befit their clients’ needs at a specific age.
修读一般家庭治疗职业亚博体育竞技投注平台生涯打开了职业前景跨代跨越和涉及的家庭经历了无数的遭遇。 Whether supporting couples through infertility issues, counseling parents on behavioral disorders in their children, or providing therapeutic treatments for whole families grieving the loss of a loved one, general family therapists are supportive and compassionate professionals with the education and training necessary to provide guidance through many different seasons of life.
专门从事婚姻咨询专业的治疗师可以分别看到他们的客户一起，或两者的混合。 Whether serving those who are married, planning to be married, or dating, couples therapists use a range of therapeutic modalities and group therapy tools to help partners communicate more effectively with one another and address any issues in their relationship. In addition to time spent with the therapist, couples are often given homework or tasks they must complete together in order to encourage understanding or reconciliation.
对如何悬而未决的痛苦和相关的创伤和危机的想法可能会导致终身医疗，心理和社会问题的认识，这些治疗师与个人，夫妇和家庭工作，以解决悬而未决的问题。 Crisis intervention is a large responsibility in this position, and therapists must be able to step in and provide guidance at times when family members are reeling from a traumatic event. Clients may include those struggling with depression or individuals who have been victims of abuse.
与过渡期间，丢失，部署或迁移的关键时刻支持军人家属负责，军人家庭治疗师是谁提供情感支持善解人意又强的专业人才。 They must thoroughly understand the culture and lifestyle surrounding the military and possess extensive knowledge of common emotional and mental health issues, including post-traumatic stress disorder. Whether working directly with a soldier or providing encouragement and guidance to their families, these professionals are vital members of the support system.
个人寻求治疗时的生活，因为他们想象根本不走了。 One of the most important qualities a therapist can have is an empathetic nature and a sense of compassion to help clients see that they recognize what the patient is experiencing.
最好的治疗是那些谁知道如何提出在正确的时间正确的问题，并能够与许多不同类型的人沟通。 Being able to make clients feel at ease with words is also highly important.
之前治疗师可以为客户提供指导，就必须先了解他们正在经历什么，为什么事情是发生在他们身上。 Being able to discern other factors affecting a person’s emotional and mental health through interviews and assessments is critical.
治疗师通常有他们服务于不同的客户端，所以能够保持他们的文件，以便 - 尤其是当它涉及到保险金 - 是他们应该在其职业生涯早期学习的技能。亚博体育竞技竞猜亚博体育竞技投注平台
除了教育和许可要求，有无数的认证，如果他们想进一步专注自己的知识治疗师可以选择完成。 A few different types available include:
如果你有兴趣在如何成为一名警察，你还可能感兴趣的相关行业。 Working as a correctional officer, EMT or paramedic, firefighter, probation officer, security guard, gaming surveillance officer, game warden or firefighter might be on your radar. If that’s the case, you can peruse the list of related occupations below, which includes average salaries:
你赚什么取决于你住的地方，包括地区，州或城市。 To help determine what you can expect to make in your particular area, our handy salary comparison tool can help.
AAMFT目前代表超过50,000婚姻和家庭治疗师，并为他们提供了范围广泛的服务。 These include opportunities for continuing education, webinars, conferences, job support, licensing information, and fellowships.
自1982年以来，APT鼓励精神卫生专业人员与病人沟通时使用的打法力量 - 尤其是儿童。 Benefits of membership include access to publications within the field, education and training opportunities, and an annual conference.
IACT试图连接专业人士专业医术都彼此，并在该领域的宝贵资源。yabo5.conapp手机下载 Benefits of membership include a virtual library, an annual conference, and multiple opportunities for training.
对于近30年，IFTA曾与家庭治疗师的工作在世界各地，帮助他们发展能力和与他人在外地连接。 Members enjoy a range of helpful services, including access to publications, details on accreditation services, and an annual conference.