从文案麦迪逊大街上的工作在纽约个体户编剧试图找到在好莱坞休息，写作是一个广泛和多样化的专业领域。 Although it offers multiple ways to break into the industry, there are three consistent factors to achieving success: talent, training and experience. Learn more about what it takes to start a writing career, the type of training available, and the overall occupational outlook for writers today.
有许多不同类型的作家，如文案、记者、小说家、网络作家和编辑。写作 professionals are broadly employed in different industries, ranging from academia to business, journalism to entertainment. It’s a unique occupation, as a majority of writers are self-employed (approximately two-thirds), according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Along with superior writing skills, it often falls upon writers to do exhaustive research when writing, so they must have superior research skills as well. They may be called upon to parse data and find the story within that data and write about it, so they should be able to understand data and data sets.
写作是一个多元化的领域，与高薪的职业路径的广泛品种。亚博体育竞技投注平台 The national median salary for writers and authors was slightly above $60,000 in 2015, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Some of the top paying industries include science writing ($64,380), grant writing ($58,920), and arts & entertainment writing ($58,400). Explore the earning potential for writing careers in different locations using the map below.
互联网，网络出版和社交媒体不仅改变出版，但整个通信产业也是如此。 This disruption has led to the emergence of new writing careers, those with a greater emphasis on Web writing, editing, and media production. These changes have created a more competitive marketplace for talented writers with digital skills. Nationally, the Bureau of Labor Statistics projects 2 percent growth for writers between 2014 and 2014. Learn more about the occupational outlook in each state using the map below.
并非所有作家的作品作为或想成为小说家，诗人或作家。 Writing is an extremely diverse occupational field with multi-faceted career paths. There isn’t a single route to becoming a writer, which is one of the major benefits of the profession. Yet, two-thirds of writers are self-employed freelancers and the information below outlines example steps someone can take to become a writer.
高中学历或同等学历资格取得过半数书面作业的最低学历要求。 Coursework in English, reading and writing are important. Future writers can also write for their yearbook or school paper to develop skills.
在开始学术或职业选择之前，准作家应该决定的特产。亚博体育竞技投注平台 Do they want to write fiction as an author? Are they poetically inclined and desire a career as poet? Do they want see their words make it to the big screen as a screenwriter? Are they interested in marketing and want to work as a web writer?
当起步，想想写你想做的事，比行业本身更多的类型。 That can help guide the decision about what type of education to pursue.
有两种类型的写作训练的：正式和非正式的。 Formal training includes completing a degree program at the undergraduate or graduate level. Some writers choose either an associate degree in English or a bachelor’s degree in English with an emphasis in writing or creative writing, while others may choose a journalism degree. Beyond attending a traditional degree program, writers need to write.
而他们上学前瞻性作家可以制定一个投资组合。 Submitting pitches to publications, and writing articles on “spec” (for free), and writing for the college newspaper are three great ways to gain experience and familiarity with the publishing industry.
在诸如商业，营销和医疗保健专业作家可以从中受益完成实习。 Internships provide students with experience, applying their classroom-based knowledge in real-world projects. Whether it is copywriting or journalism, future writers can hone their craft and develop new skills by completing an internship while in college.
完成学位课程后，作家可以找出在各自的行业专职写作立场。 For individuals who want to become authors, poets and screenwriters, the road is slightly more challenging. Typically, their path includes writing a novel, collection of poems or screenplays, attempting to secure an agent, and selling their work to a publishing firm. It can be a long road that takes dedication and persistence.
有专业经验的武装，作家可能也想追求写作硕士学位 - 无论是艺术或美术的高手中的高手。 These programs provide students with an advanced understanding of literary theory and writing techniques. They also serve as an opportunity for writers to further enhance their own writing abilities. The MA/MFA can be a jumping point to further graduate studies at the PhD level for individuals that want to work in academia or be a bridge to new professional avenues.
我想在写作生涯，但不知道从何处着手。亚博体育竞技投注平台 I would like to find a short-term program that introduces me to the foundations of writing, provide skill-based training, and be useful if I continue professionally.
我想追求事业作为一个在线内容的作家，但亚博体育竞技投注平台没有承诺一个四年制学位的时间。 I'd like a professionally oriented program that allows me to concentrate my studies in online media and marketing.
我是一个工作的媒体专业人士，但需要提高我的写作技巧。 I'd like a flexible program that has a curriculum in professional and business writing.
我的目标是成为一名作家和学术研究员。 I'm interested in the technical aspects of writing and its theory and I'd like to find a program that allows me to work as a writer professionally and teach at a university or community college.
不是每一个作家在英语学位。 However, an English degree is one great way to get started on a career in writing. Prospective writers can concentrate their studies at the undergraduate or graduate level in an area that aligns with their professional goals. Learn more about these degrees and academic specializations below.
写证书是短期的教学计划是教给学生应用写作技能，知识约力学和风格，并深入了解如何编写为不同的受众。 As professional development programs, certificates include curriculum in multiple niche areas. These areas range from fiction to feature film writing, television writing to grant writing. The length of certificate programs vary, but typically require five to eight classes to complete.
副学士是一个行业为重点的学术课程。 It provides students with practical knowledge they can use to transition into an entry-level career or continue into a four-year bachelor’s degree program. They typically require between 60 and 66 credit hours to complete, which usually requires at least two years of full-time study. The curriculum is designed to nurture student’s creativity while helping them build writing proficiencies they can use to become a professional writer or editor.
在这个层面上，有两种类型的艺术英语协理内重点的：写作和创作。 The creative writing major serves as an introduction to genre writing, nurtures student interest in creative writing, and uses workshops and classroom-based instruction to improve their writing. The writing emphases major covers both literature and writing. Students study the fundamentals of literary theory and take classes aimed at professional skill development in technical writing, business communication, advanced composition and editing, and news and informational writing.
学士学位课程一般需要四年全日制的学习和学生接触到普通教育课程和课堂作业在自己选择的写作特色。 At this level, the most common majors include English literature, creative writing and English with a writing emphasis (composition). These writing degrees offer students multiple academic pathways that can lead to either work as a writer or into further graduate studies. Below is an overview of the different writing majors at the bachelor’s level.
主的书面可以采取多种形式，包括艺术的修辞和组成硕士，文学硕士与写作的重点，在创意写作硕士，从事专业创作文学硕士和艺术硕士。 These programs require between one and two years of full-time study to complete and may require a thesis or final project to graduate.
写作博士课程是谁想要在学术界学者和教育工作者在大学工作的学生。 The most advanced studies of writing, PhD programs can require between four and six years to complete. Like undergraduate degrees, students select from a specialization in English. Example specializations include rhetoric and composition, creative writing and literature. PhD programs are competitive as they offer students the opportunity to conduct original scholarship and position themselves for tenure-track positions at the university level after graduation.
有书面两种主要类型的硕士学位：文学硕士（MA）的大师和美术（MFA）硕士。 The MA has an academic focus on literature, but does offer concentrations in writing, including creative writing and is a stepping stone to a PhD. The MFA is considered a terminal, or professional degree, that is dedicated to teaching students about writing and honing their craft. Both have similar admission requirements. However, the requirements do vary school to school. Below is a list of sample admission requirements for an MFA program.
学士学位的英语，从认可的大专或大学新闻学或相关专业硕士学位。 Student must also meet minimum GPA requirements – usually a 3.0 out of a 4.0 scale.
非官方的成绩单必须提交。 Official transcripts are usually required upon acceptance to the program.
在此之前开始他们的研究生课程，申请MFA应熟悉他们的写作特色，例如 fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. This includes taking undergraduate prerequisite courses in writing and literature.
写作示例演示了在自己选择的写作领域学生的技能。 It may be between 30 and 50 pages in length (up to 10,000 words in length). It may include multiple pieces of writing, each of which must have been written in the past five years. Examples include short stories or a part of a novel for fiction writers, biography or personal essays for nonfiction writers, or a selection of poems for poetry students.
写度跨越各种浓度，包括专业写作，商务写作，技术写作，创作和科学写作。 By specializing in these fields during their degree programs, students can develop marketable skills and pursue numerous career paths after graduation. Below is an overview of five example occupational career roles for writers, with 2015 median salaries reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
技术作家在各个领域，如工程和制造工作，并翻译有关的产品和系统为指导手册，技术文档，操作指南等材料复杂的信息。亚博捕鱼电玩备用网站 Collaborating with product designers, project managers, and other staff, technical writers organize content plans for specific audiences (e.g. internal staff, consumers), select appropriate channels for messaging (e.g. videos, memos), and generate easy-to-understand copy.
格兰特作家与非营利和公共组织研究和撰写提案工作，来自政府机构，慈善机构和私人基金会获得资金。 Like a matchmaker, grant writers have to locate funding opportunities that align with the mission, activities and goals of the group they are trying to fund. It’s a role that requires understanding of the funding process and a keen organizational eye as grant applications can be complicated, requiring cover letters, project descriptions, narratives, supporting documentation, and financial records.
科学作家涵盖科学领域，写的进步和发现等领域的天体物理学，生物技术，气候变化和遗传学。 They turn the esoteric into something any reader can understand, making science accessible for all readers. Writing for websites, magazines, and other publications, science writers often position this news into a larger historical context. This larger context allows the general public to be informed about the latest developments in science.
编剧们通常个体户自由职业者是开发和编写剧本的电视节目和电影。 These pieces can be entirely original or based on existing content, such as a novel, short story, comic book or another film. Screenwriters have unique understanding of how to construct a narrative and connect it to a larger plot and story. In turn, screenplays become the master plan for a producer, director, and actors to follow when shooting a film.
虽然一些作家是天生的伟大，最需要的经验，教育和培训，在自己的手艺精通。 Learn more about some of the qualities writers should possess, the tools they use in their daily work, and credentials they can earn to develop new skills and advance in their careers.
独自写作功力不够，使之作为一个专业作家。 Writers need to have a well-rounded skillset to be successful. Explore the skills required in today’s writing careers below.
作家必须具备扎实的语言技能，包括语法，拼写，单词用法，和文辞。 They should have the ability to communicate clearly and concisely with the written word.
作家与一个空白页开始，用自己的想象力加油吧。 They should be creative thinkers, able to generate raw material—whether for a poem, screenplay, grant application or article.
作家需要能够对任何课题的研究，并写，即使是那些不熟悉的。 Research skills are a core component of the professional writer’s toolbox.
写作是可以采取许多草稿，完成一个反复的过程。 Beyond spelling and grammar, writers know how to check their work for accuracy, errors, correctness, and overall quality.
在今天的市场景观，作家应该知道HTML，CSS的基础知识，以及搜索引擎优化。 This skill set allows them to create in-depth content focused on web publication and performs well for an online audience.
作家应具备良好的沟通能力，能与客户，资源，编辑和读者工作。 People skills is a must.
Evernote的; Microsoft OneNote; Google Keep
龙; Express Scribe Pro; Nuance OmniPage
笔记本电脑; Pens; Pencils; Paper
微软办公软件; Pages; Open Office
风格的要素; AP Stylebook; Chicago Manual of Style
谷歌驱动器; Box; Dropbox
点燃; iPad; Desktop Computers; Laptop Computers
通信和媒体变化与众多职业途径行业对谁可能有兴趣在写作，但不一定写职业生涯的个人。亚博体育竞技竞猜亚博体育竞技投注平台 Examples range from public relations to entertainment. Learn more about some of the potential employment options to consider in the table below.
写作课程的毕业生也追崇的编辑，公关，印刷媒体和广播新闻。亚博体育竞技竞猜亚博体育竞技投注平台 Data about writing-related occupations is below.
美国记者与作家协会(American Society of Journalists and Authors)是一个面向独立非小说作家的全国性组织，拥有1100多名自由职业者。
美国作家协会(National Writers Association)是一个会员制组织，为全国各地的作家提供支持，并通过地方分会为他们提供社交和就业机会。